Oil: Olive Oil, Sunflower Oil And Canola Oil

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0 Investigative question: Is there a relationship between the type of the oil; Olive oil, Sunflower oil and Canola oil and the efficiency (how long the fuel burns) of the bio-diesel product? Research: Biodiesel is a diesel fuel that is made by reacting vegetable oil (cooking oil) with other common chemicals such as; Methanol and Potassium Hydroxide. Biodiesel may be used in any diesel engines in its pure form or blended with petroleum-based diesel. No modifications are required, and the result is a less-expensive, renewable, clean-burning fuel. You can also make biodiesel from waste cooking oil. The power output of biodiesel depends on its blend, quality, and load conditions under which the fuel is burnt. Thermal efficiency of a fuel is…show more content…
Both of these two oils went through the conversion from basic cooking oil to new, safe renewable energy successful. The Olive oil experiment was not successful at becoming a new, safe renewable energy source. The Olive oil turned milky after being washed for the first time and remained milky for the rest of the experiment. Only after a few hours of being left alone did some water separate from the rest of the milky Olive oil, the rest of the oil remained milky. The other two oils were boiled to get rid of any water, they boiled and the water evaporated. The Olive oil when being boiled began to rise, rapidly. This made boiling the oil very difficult as it had to be removed from the stove frequently so that it did not overflow or mess. When being burnt the Sunflower and Canola oils reacted as expected. The Olive oil, when a small amount burnt it became explosive. The experiment was stopped because the Olive oil became too harmful. This project could be improved by adding more types of oils to the experiment, allowing for better and more diverse results. It could be greatly improved if an actual diesel is used to test the bio-diesels. The project was definitely limited by the amount of financial aid available, the equipment available and the amount of time. The shortfall in financial capital limited the purchases of materials and equipment, with additional or more finances the project could have yielded a greater range of results. The equipment available limited the project because it prevented more efficient use of time, the chain of events was slowed down because only one pot was available for the drying of the bio-diesels, more jars were required to transfer and purify the oils and the thermometer capacity was limited to 100°C.With more time, additional oils and combinations of oils with catalysts could be tested with added repeats to achieve a greater accuracy and the best possible

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