Nationalism rose in Europe in the 19th century. One of the main cause for that was the French Revolution which gave and spread the idea of liberalism and patriotism. Germany and Italy were the main two countries which were affected by this idea and they both were unified.
In Italy, the movement of unification was known as ‘Risorgimento’ which means resurgence. Mazzini and his student Giuseppe Garibaldi tried to unite Italy through democracy but failed due the conservative control of Europe. It was Camillo di Cavour of Sardinia, who unified most of Italy using the tools of realpolitik. Being the prime minister of Sardinia he joined hands with France and defeated Austria. After this win Tuscany, Modena, Parma and Romagna were in favor of unification…show more content… The states of Italy and Germany were ruled differently than each other. Although they both had foreign rulers like Habsburg Family of Austria, and in some states it was France, Germany states were more developed politically and well administered than the Italian states. Because of that, Italian states were more difficult to unify and handle as compared to German states. Riall goes way back to Holy Roman Empire to explain how the Italian states were ruled. Riker gives a history of how federal states are made in…show more content… Group C: “Pflanze, Bismarck and the development of Germany”. “Hearder, Italy in the age of Risorgimento”. ”. “Kertzer, The Prisoner of the Vatican”. “Clark, The Italian Risorgimento”. “Ziblatt, Structuring the state".
This group argues that the main reason why both countries took different paths was because of the ideology of the leaders. Bismarck of Prussia, the brains behind German unification, is considered one of the best state builders. He took Prussia out of all the problems and made it strong enough to battle Austria and France. Pflanze says that initially Bismarck had never intended to unify Germany, it was just the conditions of Prussia that led him to. On the other hand, Cavour and Garibaldi had a different mindset. They were both patriotic towards unifying Italy and they were going to do it in one way or another.
Leaders and their ideology led to the different paths after the