Mount Tambora Research Paper

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The 1815 eruption of Mount Tambora is regarded as one of the largest and most powerful volcanic eruption recorded in history. Mount Tambora is located on the northern side of the Island of Sumbawa, Indonesia and the island is also situated in the Ring of Fire. The volcano is 4000 meters tall and is classified as a composite, or a stratovolcano for its steepness and its alternating layer of rock, ash, lava, and rock debris. The Sumbawa Island is located between the between the Eurasian and Australian plate on a convergent plate boundary as the Australian plate is subducted under the Eurasian plate. The importance of this research is to analyze the change in climate globally and locally and explore the immediate geographical disturbances following…show more content…
As the pyroclastic flow charges down the slope of the volcano, the flow strikes the water and propels the water forward causing a series of waves. The waves will continue to travel until it reaches the coast and transform into large tidal waves. In the case of Mount Tambora, the highest wave was four meters while the other waves were between one to three meters tall. The waves first struck Sanggar followed by East Java then ending with the Moluccas Islands. The estimated number of deaths by the tsunami is approximately 4000. (Boers 1995) (Tambora Explosion Triggers 'Volcanic Winter') (Volcanic Tsunamis) The eruption of Mount Tambora caused more than 80,000 deaths. The intensity of the heat and the speed of the pyroclastic flow tends to crush and burn those who are in the way. The burning ashes that were ejected from the eruption will fry the lungs of those who breathe in it due to the intense heating. In addition, the ashes were responsible for poisoning the water, livestock, and crops. The falling pumice from the volcano destroyed houses and villages. Inhabitants of the Tambora village were buried under the lava. (Lee 2009) (Stothers

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