Mass Media In Rwanda

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1. ABSTRACT Mass media has been labeled as the public sphere and 4th state power of the government since 17th century. It is a guardian and watchdog of public interest where the conduit between governors and governed are deeply ingrained. However, these roles are not always fully played due to many difficulties resulting in the lack of or in a superficial democracy. Such difficulties include the state controls, the monopoly of ownership, laws and sometimes, an unserious reporting due to market competition or lack of professionalism. As the 4th state power, Rwanda media also has faced those challenges from its very beginning in 1962. As a result of being controlled and manipulated by the government, Rwandan media was characterized…show more content…
INTRODUCTION The global community has been increasingly associating media with being part and parcel of the society. W. JEFFRES stated that people get most of their knowledge about current events through mass media, in addition to political campaigns. In fact, once people finish their formal schooling, they become depend on the media for updating knowledge about a variety of topics and events; ranging from changes technology to scientific discoveries, and from economic trends to foreign affairs. M. CIVIKLY supports JEFFRES by setting out the prime function of mass media as “The surveillance of the environment”. He states “surveillance function refers to the collection and distribution of information about the environment or what is generally regarded to as news, that is, reporting or watching-dog; the term which has a special reference to the monitoring of our systems of the…show more content…
“Imvaho Nshya” is a public and state owned daily newspaper whose news is written in Kinyarwanda language. It was asserted by UNESCO’s team which monitored the state of African press in relation to their respective countries; to have a solid objective of disseminating the general information and popularization of government policies. After 1994 genocide against Tutsi, the newspaper had a new objective of “assisting the current government in reconciliation and rehabilitation actives in the country through mass mobilization”. To achieve this, it needed more trained journalists due to the loss of some its journalists during the

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