Macromolecules Research Paper

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Logan Lowry Macromolecules are made up of four components. These four components consist of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. All of these things making up a macromolecule allows a macromolecule to have all of the functions that it has. The mutations that occur in macromolecules cause the genetic makeup to be different in everyone, therefore, causing everyone to have different nucleic acids. Proteins, however, are encoded at the genetic level and are polymers of amino acids that are arranged in a specific sequence. Macromolecules are made as a result of additive polymerization of their constituent subunits. The macromolecules are always the polymer forming reactions that are driven by metabolic energy, and couple to nucleoside triphosphate hydrolysis, but for each class of macromolecule the way that each macromolecular subunit is linked is different. For example, the nucleic acids are arranged in a specific sequence to form macromolecular polymers. The proteins, that are polymers of amino acids, are also arranged in a specific sequence. However, the nucleic acids have complementary strands of DNA that form a double helix and these strands have important implications for macromolecular recognition of specific DNA sequences. These sequences have to regulate the expression of…show more content…
They are responsible for the catalysis of chemical reactions, the building of complex structures, the generation of movement and the transmission of hereditary information. Macromolecules have many roles in the cell individually, but also, they have to work together. For example, while the nucleic acids encode the genetic information of the cell, the proteins work with the DNA to regulate the expression of gene which directs the proteins into further production. Lipids provide stored energy that make chemical reactions, but also maintain the cell

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