Insanity In Hamlet

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Madness is expressed when one is in conflict with his or herself due to outside forces they cannot control. In William Shakespeare’s tragedy Hamlet, insanity is a driving stimulus that is proven to have a significant impact on the characters’ choices. Through psychoanalysis, one can attribute this madness to the conflicting forces between the id, ego, and superego. Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic perspective is the psychological perspective concerned with how unconscious internal conflicts, instincts, motives, and defenses influence behavior. The unconscious mind is credited to the “id,” which is the unconscious reservoir of primal urges and operates on the pleasure principle--seeking immediate gratification of the its needs. The superego…show more content…
Her id demands that that person be Hamlet. During a conversation between her and Polonius, she states her love and devotion for Hamlet, “He hath, my lord, of late made many tenders / Of his affection to me” (I.IIV.98-99). The King and Queen believe that Hamlet has gone mad but Ophelia still loves him despite Hamlet telling her to “Get thee to a nunnery” (III.I.121). During this scene, she gives clear indications that she thinks that Hamlet is paranoid. Hamlet has been acting his antic disposition for a while and he converses with Ophelia in a manner that augments his antic disposition, making outlandish remarks about marriage and telling her to get to a nunnery. Ophelia does not acknowledge any of Hamlet’s idiotic comments to heart, but instead, she wishes for him to be saved, “O, help him, you sweet heavens” (III.I.134) and later says “Heavenly powers, restore him!” (III.I.141). Ophelia wishes for Hamlet to be sane because there are no other possible suppliants to fill in Hamlet’s spot of being the one that the id desires to satisfy Ophelia’s sexual desires. Despite Hamlet’s harsh comments and dislike for Ophelia, her id’s strong and adamant desires for a man immediately that can provide her with love is nonetheless still
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