Geometry is the study of shapes, objects and their properties. The term geometry is a derivation of Greek words where geo-(meaning earth) and -metron (meaning measurement). It is said to be among the oldest branches of mathematics and deals with the spatial relationships among objects and their properties. There are several branches of geometry and a remarkable history with devoted and dedicated contributors.
Pythagoras of Samos
Introduction
Mainly known as the first pure mathematician, Pythagoras was born in around 569 BC in Greece on the Island of Samos (Douglass, 2005). Pythagoras knew poetry and was well educated. His interest was in arithmetic, music, astronomy and philosophy. In around 535 B.C., he moved from Samos to Egypt to get educated…show more content… His work is observed to be very imperative in ancient Greek mathematics. Not much is known about his life other than his birth and his career
Contributions in Geometry
Pappus’ major work was the “Synagoge”, which deals with a huge array of mathematical topics, the major part of which concerns geometry and consists of the findings from the 3rd Century which is also known to be the Golden Age of Greek mathematics. It was a set of 8 books, of which most part is lost. However, Book 3 consists of a no. of solutions to the problems regarding drawing cubes that have double the volume of a provided cube; it was not possible to perform this task using just the Euclid’s Elements ruler-and-compass techniques.
Book 4 deals with the attributes of various spirals and curved lines and determines their utilization to obtain solution of a great problem, dividing an angle into random number of identical parts (Jones, 2013). Book 5 deals with the topics of polygons and polyhedral. Book 6 has topics related to astronomy. Book 8 applies geometry in mechanics.
Contributions in other fields of