Fissure In Ano Case Study

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Introduction In the era of globalization, people’s life style changed in various ways. Physical work decreases and they live in sedative life style. There is also change in diet habit like fast food, ready to eat food, fasting, and excessive use of fertilizer on crop etc effect on diet habit. So, it bad effect on GI tract and finally effect on Bowel habit and Anal region. And due to this increases anorectal disease and effect on people’s normal life. The best surgeon is who can distinguish the possible from impossible to avoid surgery. The ancient Indian physician was the best surgeon, so they develop conservative management method for many surgical problems and finally get relief to patient. Hemorrhoids, Fistula, fissure and malignancy…show more content…
About 30-40% of the population suffers from proctologic pathologies at least once in their life. Fissure In Ano is one of the most painful and severe cutting and burning pain at anal region. According to Ancient Indian Acharaya sign and symptoms of Fissure in Ano show similarities with Parikartika. Description of nidana, lakshana, and chikitsa of Parikartika is also available in Bruhatrayas and other Ayurvedic classics. According to Acharya Parikartika means ‘Parikruntavat vedana’ i.e. cutting pain specially observed in Gudapradesha (anal region). The general line of treatment in Ayurveda includes Vatanulomana, Agnideepan, Pichchhabasti, Anuvasanbasti and Sheetala basti. There is always a need for cost effective and patient friendly method. The ingredients of the Pichchhabasti are easily available, can be prepared…show more content…
Parikartika vyadhi. II. Modern literature. a. Anatomy of anus. b. Fissure in ano I. AYURVEDIC LITERATURE a. Guda Sharira: Parikartika is very specifically sited in guda pradesha so anatomy of guda is essential. Guda is the only word used to denote the ano-rectum in various Ayurvedic texts. Acharyas have used this term mentioned an organ which performs the actual function of defecation. Guda means “Guda kridayam ta gu malotsarge” Malotsarga means take fecal matter outside the rectum. It is more important to correlate to Parikartika. Guda excretes the Apana vayu and Mala. The Sanskrit- English dictionary Guda means the organ which evacuates the Apana vayu. To understand the Parikartika and its Chikista according to Ayurveda firstly we have to detail study of the guda shaarira. The detail description of Guda is given Sharirastana of Susrutha and other Samhita. Utpatti of Guda: 1) According to Acharya Susrutha, it is Sara of Rakta and Kapha digested by Pitta along with the active participation of Vayu. 2 2) According to Charaka, guda takes its origin from Matrujabhava of the garbha3. 3) According to Acharya Vagbhata Guda, Rakta and Mamsa are Maternal in origin4. Synonyms of

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