Federalist No. 51 Summary

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In Federalist No. 10, James Madison expressed his feelings about how, “liberty is to faction what air is to fire, an aliment without which it instantly expires”. What exactly did he mean by this? Well for example the more freedom people have the more out of control they can get. Madison was against such “fraction”. He believed there was two ways “of curing the mischiefs of faction”. One was to remove the cause and the other was to control its’ effects. By removing the cause it would mean to take away power from the ones who were powerful and by controlling its’ effect would be to limit the actions and powers that they had. From my understanding our Constitution has pursed to prevent tyranny by first establishing Federalism. By establishing…show more content…
51, Madison argued that for there to be an actually working foundation for the different types of powers exercised by the government, “it is evident that each department should have a will of its own” which explains the divisions of powers between the federal and state government as well as the separation of powers. He then goes on to say that it, “consequently should be so constituted that the members of each should have as little agency as possible in the appointment of the members of the others” which explains checks and balances along with the two houses of the Legislative branch. With Federalism minorities are protected from majorities. By dividing the power between the federal and state governments, people are allowed more citizen participation in the government. The federal government is restricted to governing the country as a whole, while state government is restricted to governing just a particular state. Certain laws may be made for the whole country to follow, but others are left up to individual states to decide on. The separation of powers has three separate branches that are designed for three distinct institutions. The first branch (legislative) makes the laws, the second branch (executive) enforces the laws, and the third branch (judicial) examines and interprets the

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