*INTRODUCTION: Chemicals in and around the home can poison people or pets and can cause long-term health effects. Every 13 seconds, a poison control center in the United States answers a call about a possible poisoning. More than 90% of these exposures occur in the home. Poisoning can result from medicines, pesticides, household cleaning products, carbon monoxide and lead. The most common causes of poisoning among young children are cosmetics and personal care products, household cleaning products and pain relievers. Common causes among adults are pain relievers, prescription drugs, sedatives, cleaning products and antidepressants. Children can swallow detergents, bleaches and other cleaning…show more content… If the substance is given with the intention to save life, it is a medicine but if it is given with the intention to cause bodily harm, it is a poison. Poisons are involved in crimes like homicidal, accidental, suicidal death. Many deaths occur as a result of poisoning when the poison level is reached above the lethal dose, where as a person survives if the level is below the lethal dose. In such cases, Forensic Clinical Toxicologist plays an important role of detecting the nature of poisons or drugs immediately and informs the doctor who administrates the anti-doded.
*Classification Of Poisons: Classification of poisons can be done in number of ways, one depending on its general chemical properties, and other depending on its action on the body and so on, but none will be entirely satisfactory, as many poisons fall into more than one group. However, the classification commonly done is based on the mode of action of poisons on the body. Accordingly, poisons are classified in six groups.
(1) CORROSIVES - A Corrosive poison is a highly active irritant and produces inflammation and ulceration of the tissues. Corrosive Poisons consists of strong acids and strong