Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that affects the control of sleep and wakefulness. People with narcolepsy experience excessive daytime sleepiness and alternating, uncontrollable episodes of falling asleep during the daytime. These sudden sleep attacks may occur during any type of activity at any time of the day. The term narcolepsy is derived from the French word Narcolepsies created by the French physician Jean-Baptiste -Édouard Gélineau (23 December 1828 – 2 March 1906) by merging the Greek words. Narcolepsy usually begins between the ages of 15 and 25, but it can become apparent at any age. In many cases, narcolepsy is undiagnosed and, consequently, untreated.
The four major signs and symptoms of narcolepsy are extreme daytime sleepiness, cataplexy muscle weakness while awake, and hallucinations and sleep paralysis during sleep. If you have…show more content… Living with narcolepsy can be challenging. You may be worried about what others will think of you. It can be stressful to have an episode at an awkward time. However, there are steps you can take to make living with narcolepsy easier and safer. Tell teachers and supervisors about your condition. They should understand that if you fall asleep, you are not just being lazy. Be aware that some narcolepsy treatments will cause you to test positive for amphetamines on drug screens. Talk to your employer in advance to prevent misunderstandings. Eat light or vegetarian meals during the day. Avoid heavy meal before important activities. Try taking 10 to 15 minute naps after meals. Schedule naps throughout the day. This may help avoid daytime drowsiness. Avoid nicotine and alcohol. They can make symptoms worse. Exercise regularly. Try exercising four to five hours before bedtime. This can help you rest better at night. It can also help keep you alert during the day. Some conditions may limit driving constitutional rights for people with