Essay On Excretory System

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Know Your Body – Kidneys Introduction The excretory system of the human-body consists of two kidneys (Vrrka in Ayurveda), ureter (Gavini in Ayurveda), urinary-bladder (Mutrashya in Ayurveda) and urethra. The kidney plays important role in the treatment of blood-pressure. Kidney stone is the commonest disease seen in clinical practice. Fig: Anatomy of human excretory system Anatomy of the excretory system A comprehensive description of the components of the excretory system is discussed below: 1. Kidneys: The kidneys, two in number, are anatomically situated in the posterior part of the abdomen. The function of the kidneys is to separate certain materials from the blood, the connective. These substances dissolve in a certain quantity of water, constitute the…show more content…
 As there is a collection of the urine, the muscular walls of the bladder undergo distension.  Reflexes do come into action and there is an urge to discharge the urine. Some common diseases of the urinary system are outlined below: Basti-shotha (Cystitis)  In Ayurveda, it is known as vasti-shotha.  Cystitis is the inflammation of the urinary bladder.  E. coli, a bacterium, normally, present in the gut is helpful for normal functioning of the intestine.  During intercourse the bacteria enter the bladder via the urinary tract.  The disease is more common in women, but rarely found in men also. Less intake of fluid is also responsible for incidence of cystitis.  In cystitis there is an intense urge to urinate.  If not cured properly, it can lead to haematuria and dysuria. Painful micturition or Mutra-krricha (Dysuria)  Cystitis and cancer may be common reasons for dysuria. Over activity of the urinary bladder is the common reason of dysuria in women.  Sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhoea may cause dysuria, but due to effective treatments available such causes are rare

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