Eric Ericson (1902-1994) was one of the psychodynamic theorists. Ericson suggested that people can develop through the resolution of eight series occurring throughout the person’s life. Each state involves a different crisis or conflict between individual and others. This can result either positive or negative outcome (O'Brien, 2013).
“According to the theory, successful completion of each stage results in a healthy personality and the acquisition of basic virtues. Failure to successfully complete a stage can result in a reduced ability to complete further stages and therefore a unhealthier personality and sense of self. These stages, however, can be resolved successfully later.” (McLeod, 2017)
Imelda is in the fifth stage Ericson’s theory.…show more content… He emphasised the role of other people in the development of learning. He believed that social interactions have influence in children learning. He believed that children learn through interaction with others i.e. teachers or peers. He emphasised the importance of play which means when they play they can discover ideas or they can be introduced by others to new concepts and ideas. (O'Brien, 2013). Vygotsky believed that “important learning by the child occurs through social interaction with a skilful tutor. The tutor may model behaviours and/or provide verbal instructions for the child. Vygotsky refers to this as cooperative or collaborative dialogue. The child seeks to understand the actions or instructions provided by the tutor (often the parent or teacher) then internalizes the information, using it to guide or regulate their own performance”. (McLeod, 2014). Imelda was at the hospitals many times since childhood. We can assume that she missed many classes at school. She didn’t have a chance just like her class mates to be involved in games, different activities with her class or social meetings. Because of asthma and not being involved in social life so the reaching her highest potential according to Vygotsky theory can be very…show more content… He was particularly interested in the ways that people influence the behaviour, thoughts, and learning of others. His work was focused on modelling—learning through the observation of others. Children which are surrounded by many important models i.e. parents within the family, characters on children’s TV, friends within their peer group and teachers at school observe their behaviour. Than later they may copy the behaviour they have observed (McLeod, 2016). We want to asses Imelda’s needs in relation to Badura’s theory. In this case Imelda’s parents take care of her and they are concerned about her anxiety about getting her place in college. They told her to ease off the studying and get more sleep. She observes the way like they treat her and take care of her so she can learn how to talk to others and how to treat other people. Her problem is that she lied her parents that she takes her medications. The way like she acts can be result of the influence her peers have on her. She could have learnt her behaviour from internet, television or other media. She observes her father who is a smoker. She might learn smoking by observing her