English Protestant Reform Movement In The 1600s

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13. Puritanism was an English Protestant reform movement in the 1500s and 1600s; the Puritan people (called Puritans to mock their beliefs) wanted to "purify" the Church of England of its Catholic ways. Because of their beliefs, thousands left for New England in the 1630s to seek out religious freedom. Puritans came from all ranks of English society and were mostly merchants and tradespeople in the middle class and even founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630. The Puritans emphasized Bible reading, believing that the Bible was the only religious authority. They believed in prayer, hard work, and proper behavior, and believed that all children should learn to read and write (any area with fifty or more people was required to have a teacher). 14. During the Protestant Reformation, religious conflict in Europe was prominent. So, in England, Henry VII…show more content…
Roger Williams (1603-1683) was a minister in Salem, Massachusetts who spoke out against the king and the colonial government regarding religious freedom. He fled Massachusetts and founded the colony of Providence in Rhode Island to promote religious tolerance and separation of church and state. He also advocated on behalf of the American Indians and maintained good relations with them. 21. Anne Hutchinson (1591-1643) was a young woman who was expelled from Massachusetts Bay for preaching in her home and expressing religious beliefs that criticizes the Puritan Church. She challenged the role of women in the colony and was convicted at trial and banished. Eventually, she left for Rhode Island with her followers in 1683. 22. The thought of antinomianism refers to the Christian idea that obedience to the law and the ability to decipher between right and wrong is an internal principle that stems from how strong one’s beliefs is rather than external compulsion. So, an antinomian believes that they are, in a sense, above the law and not tied to the ethics and morals of Christian beliefs and

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