Domestic Violence Assignment

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Domestic Violence Community Medicine Assignment By, Sarah Joseph Roll no. 116 MBBS 2017 October is Domestic Violence Awareness Month. In view of this, I have chosen “Domestic Violence” as the topic for my assignment on social problems. What is Domestic Violence? Domestic violence is a pattern of human behaviour that takes place in a family or home where one family member abuses the other member. It can also involve violence against children or when children abuse their parents or siblings. It can affect all the members of the family - men, women and children. Domestic Violence in India Domestic violence is highly prevalent in India. About one case of domestic violence is reported in India every five minutes. The number of reported…show more content…
This cycle has three parts: 1. Tension building phase—Tension builds over common domestic issues like money, children or jobs. Verbal abuse begins. The victim tries to control the situation by pleasing the abuser, giving in or avoiding the abuse. None of these will stop the violence. Eventually, the tension reaches a boiling point and physical abuse begins. 2. Acute battering episode— When the tension peaks, the physical violence begins. It is usually triggered by the presence of an external event or by the abuser’s emotional state—but not by the victim’s behaviour. This means the start of the battering episode is unpredictable and beyond the victim’s control. However, some experts believe that in some cases victims may unconsciously provoke the abuse so they can release the tension, and move on to the honeymoon phase. 3. The honeymoon phase—First, the abuser is ashamed of his behaviour. He expresses remorse, tries to minimize the abuse and might even blame it on the partner. He may then exhibit loving, kind behaviour followed by requests for forgiveness, generosity and helpfulness. He will genuinely attempt to convince the partner that the abuse will not happen again. This loving behaviour strengthens the bond between the partners and will probably convince the victim, once again, that leaving the relationship is not…show more content…
The effects are seen on the feelings, thoughts and behaviour of the individual. Some of them have been explained below: Post-Traumatic stress disorder: This is mental health condition which is triggered when one goes through a terrifying event. The common symptoms include anxiety, nightmares, flashbacks and uncontrollable thoughts. Depression: One of the major effects of violence is depression. It is more than just temporary sadness. One can get indulged in prolonged sorrow, changes in appetite, unexplained crying, feeling hopeless, and loss of energy, pleasure and interest from daily activities. It can also affect the outlook of a person and his ability to make decisions. In severe cases, it can result in suicidal attempts. Disassociation: In case of disassociation, the person isolates himself from the world and even if they are in social gathering, they seem to be disconnected. They are often found daydreaming. It is chronic because it impairs the ability of a person to function in the real world. Prevention Of Domestic

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