The Holocaust (Shoah), a phenomenon that shook all of Europe with its catastrophic destruction and mass murder of European Jews by the Nazi during World War II, between 1933 and 1945. It began with the discrimination, slowly evolving to the segregation and persecution of the Jews, and eventually incited to become a bloodbath. These phases had progressively violated the rights of Jews in the Holocaust.
Phase 1 (1933-1938): Discrimination
Hitler have gone to great lengths to have all the Nazis convinced that they detest the Jews. His first attempt was on April 1,1933, to provoke people into boycotting Jewish’ businesses and professionals. Nazi spokesman claimed the boycott was an act of revenge against both German Jews and foreigners, including…show more content… This took away the Jews’ rights to freedom of movement, education, nutrition, and health. One of many reasons why this is true were the ghettos. Ghettos were built to segregate the Jews from the Germans in the most inhuman living conditions. Germans deliberately tried to starve residents by allowing them to purchase only a small amount of bread, potatoes, and fat (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, n.d.). In the 1940s, the largest ghetto for both area and population was the Warsaw Ghetto, holding more than 350,000 Jews captive (30% of the city’s population). High authorities ordered the Warsaw ghetto to be sealed whilst more Jews were arriving, making it overcrowded and unbearable. A year after on September 1, a German Nazi decrees that all Jews were to be wearing the yellow Star of David at all times in public. Inside the star, in German or local language is there to be all times the word “Jew”. Territories such as Reich, Alsace, Bohemia-Moravia, and the annexed territory of western Poland were using badges as a key element for the Nazis’ larger plan, ‘not only to stigmatize and humiliate Jews but also to segregate them, to watch and control their movements, and to prepare for deportation (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, n.d.). In late August 1941, the establishment of the Drancy camp in France was enforced by the German authorities. The main idea was to create…show more content… His actions on deporting the Jews in the end led to a concentration camp for them. A second concentration camp opened in Auschwitz early March 1942, called Auschwitz-Birkenau. The direct reason for the establishment of the camp was the fact that mass arrests of Poles were increasing beyond the capacity of existing "local" prisons (Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau, n.d.). It was originally considered to be a prison for the Soviet POWs, but functioning also as a killing center in the end of 1944. Soon afterwards, the gassing operations in Treblinka (Poland) was carried out by the SS at the Treblinka killing center. Between July 1942 and November 1943, the SS Special Detachment at Treblinka murders an estimated 925,000 Jews and an unknown number of Poles, roma (Gypsies), and Soviet prisoners of war in Treblinka 2 (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, n.d.). In 1942, many fled from these persecutions were being aid and provided refuge by the people. As a result of this ridicule act, Hitler made a ‘Death Penalty for Aiding Jews’. Jews who left their designated residential area alongside with anyone who tries to give them refuge is threatened to be punished with death. The following year, the SS implemented operation ‘Harvest Festival’, the murder of Jew laborers. Concentration camp Majdanek and forced-labor camps such as Trawniki and Poniatowa were known for