Deterrence Theory Research Paper

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Deterrence theory is described as the theory where crime is viewed as a choice based on the cost and benefits of the situation (Text, Introduction). Comparable to the classical theory, the Deterrence theory is one of the most talked about in criminology. Deterrence can be broken down into two categories specific and general. The idea of specific deterrence is that if criminals are punished for their wrongdoings this in turn would deter them from committing future acts, while general deterrence is the idea that punishing one individual offender for their crime will discourage the general population from committing crimes (Text, Part XI Intro). I believe that deterrence/rational choice does in fact benefit our criminal justice system. It illustrates that if there were no penalties for the committing crime that crime rates would skyrocket. Deterrence theory/rational choice has the most effect on people whom are the least likely commit crimes. If the benefits do not outweigh the cost then individuals with the most to lose such as their reputation, job and families will not offend. Instead when individuals have a certain reputation to uphold it is seen as an incentive. In these cases the use of punishment as a deterrent is not necessary (Lecture). Although the…show more content…
There is always room for improvement and criminologists are always working to make sure that they are taking the best course of action. Some new perspectives to assists in addressing the issues with the deterrence/rational choice theory are classifying the choice processes into two categories (Cornish & Clarke, Ch34). These two categories are involvement and events. Involvement category is when an individual decides to get involved in crime to help achieve their needs (Cornish & Clarke, Ch34). In Chapter 34, Cornish and Clarke defines the event category as individuals who choose which crime to commit and then decide to get involved in criminal
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