Camara V. Municipal Court Case Summary

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Camara v. Municipal Court, 387 U.S. 523 (1967), is a prime example of a violation of the Fourth Amendment. Even though the appellant refused to permit an inspection, the Fourth Amendment rights of the appellant's were violated because of a lack of probable cause and the inspector’s failure obtain to a search warrant. On November 6, 1963, an apartment building underwent an annual inspection from an inspector with the Division of Housing Inspection of the San Francisco Department of Public Health. During the routine inspection, the appellant informed the inspector that the rear of the apartment building was being used as the appellant’s personal residence. As a result, the inspector demanded to inspect the premises further stating that the building’s occupancy permit did not allow the ground floor for residential use; the appellant refused and requested the inspector obtain a search warrant. The Fourth Amendment states that it is “the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures” and also states “no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause”. The inspector lacked probable cause to search the premises as the violation observed occurred on the ground floor.…show more content…
Consequently, the appellant refused to permit the inspector access to inspect the premises. On November 22, 1963, two inspectors arrived at the apartment building after the appellant did not appear at the district attorney’s office following a mailed citation. The two inspectors opined the appellant under Section 503 of the Housing Code grants authorized employees’ access to “any building, structure, or premises”; Section 503 of the Housing Code does not grant permission to inspect anything further than intended. Since the inspection was part of a routine annual inspection, what was the outcome of prior

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