Banking In East India

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Bank is an institution that deals in money and its substitutes and provides crucial financial services. The principal type of banking in the modern industrial world is commercial banking & central banking. Banking Means "Accepting Deposits for the purpose of lending or Investment of deposits of money from the public, repayable on demand or otherwise and withdraw by cheque, draft or otherwise." -Banking Companies (Regulation) Act,1949 The concise oxford dictionary has defined a bank as "Establishment for custody of money which it pays out on customers order." Infact this is the function which the bank performed when banking originated. "Banking in the most general sense, is meant the business of receiving, conserving & utilizing the funds of…show more content…
The General Bank of India was the first joint stock bank to be established in the year 1786. The other which followed was the Bank of Hindustan and Bengal Bank. The Bank of Hindustan is reported to have continued till 1906. While other two failed in the meantime. In the first half of the 19th century the East India Company established there banks, The bank of Bengal in 1809, the Bank of Bombay in 1840 and the Bank of Bombay in1843. These three banks also known as the Presidency banks were the independent units and functioned well. These three banks were amalgamated in 1920 and new bank, the Imperial Bank of India was established on 27th January,…show more content…
The central bank is the undisputed leader of the money market. As such it supervises controls and regulates the activities of commercial banks affiliated with it. The central bank is also the higher monetary institution in the country charged with the duty & responsibility of carrying out the monetary policy formulated by the government. India's central bank known as the reserve bank of India was set up in 1935. 7. AGRICULTURAL BANK The commercial and the industrial banks are not in a position to meet the credit requirements of agriculture. Hence, there arises the need for setting up special type of banks of finance agriculture. The credit requirement of the farmers are two types. Firstly the farmers require short term loans to buy seeds, fertilizers, ploughs and other inputs. Secondly, the farmers require long-term loans to purchase land, to effect permanent improvements on the land to buy equipment and to provide for irrigation works. There are two types of agriculture banks. 1. Agriculture co-operative banks, and 2. Land mortgage banks. The farmer provide short-term credit, while the letter extend long-term loans to the

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