When Athens was at war with Sparta in the late 390s, Xenophon was exiled by the Athenians and given a home by the Spartans. Among Xenophon's works that deal with Spartan society are his Hellenica, a work dealing with the conflicts between Sparta, Athens and Thebes in the period 411–362 BC. Another is his Consitution of the Lacedaemonians which was not intended to be a political analysis of the Spartan constitution and its workings, but rather designed as a pamphlet in praise of Sparta and her customs
The four most influential ancient societies when it comes to the evolution and advancement of laws were the Egyptians, the Mesopotamians, the Greeks, and the Romans. Roughly 5000 years ago, the two of these civilizations, the Egyptians and Mesopotamians, established and consolidated civilizations that were politically centralized along with proliferating laws to govern their citizens. While the laws of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia were founded during the same period, they formed in separate areas
leaders consisted of Solon the law giver, tyrant Peisistratus, democrat Cleisthenes, Athenian statesmen Pericles and Cimon. Prior to the build-up of democracy, Athenian government was ruled by an aristocratic council called the Areopagus. Before the rise of democratic influence, aristocrat Draco controlled the people of Athens.