Analysis Of Frrantz Fanon's The Wretched Of The Earth

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Frantz Fanon’s book The Wretched of the Earth discuss the effects of colonization on the conquered, and their attempts to overthrow them. Fanon’s book is seen to be critical in the overall discussion of the colonization of Africa and the theorizing of racial and national oppression. Themes such as politics, psychology, liberation, cycle of violence, history and race are all seen throughout the book. Topics such as the psychological effects of men and women in the conquered countries and the way that recently independent countries shape their culture and nation, are all examined in the chapters of the book along with other important topics. In the first chapter, Frantz Fanon splits the colonized world into the conqueror and the conquered, he…show more content…
He suggests that the parties of intellectuals and business owners, tend to forget about the needs of the colonized where the majority resides in the rural areas. He describes how the colonized have been hurt by the colonizers or the intellectuals that benefited from the colonialism, therefore they are blind to their needs. Fanon asserts that only by violence that true anticolonial partiality becomes real, and the privileged parties become secluded. The author later states, that if colonist wanted to maintain power, they can achieve this through the manipulation of leaders which turns into an ideological mean of gaining control over the way people think and gaining their obedience without the use of force. Another way to maintain power, was through the unification that the colonized formed. Fanon suggests that since the colonized were lumped into one category based on their race, it becomes easy to put distrust between by showing that one group may have different interest than another; therefore, the colonist is not the number one enemy of the…show more content…
Since colonialism constantly reject the idea that the colonized are not savages, it leads to the colonized asking if they know who they truly are, ultimately psychological disorders follow. Fanon states that another source for these disorders can be from the exposure of violence by the colonist, and uses the example of how psychologist found a rapid high in post-traumatic stress disorder after the world wars, which results the author to conclude that if colonialism upheld the violence then the colonized may have the same disorders as the soldiers in WW1 and WW2. The author uses actual case studies in his explanation, drawing examples from his work in Algeria to explain how direct exposure of a traumatic event can develop a disorder in response to, such as the case of a thirty-seven-year-old who witnessed the massacre of his village in reaction had homicidal tendencies (Fanon 259). In other cases, psychological disorder is not developed because of a reaction to an event, but develop because of a general environment of violence, which is exhibited child refugees who cultivate fears of abandonment. The author concludes this chapter responding to academic who claim and argue that colonized people are prone to violence, by stating that it

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