Tundra Biome Research Paper

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The biome is a large naturally occurring community of flora and fauna occupying a major habitat. The tundra biome is known to be the coldest biome there is where the sun does not rise for approximately six months every year. It is very common to temperature in tundra biomes to drop to -30 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter. The tundra is a cold, vast and treeless area of low swampy plains mostly in the Northern hemispheres. These include Lapland and Scandinavia in Europe, Siberia in Asia, and Alaska and Canada in North America. To begin with, the climate in the Tundra is mostly freezing. The highest temperature would be in the summer where it gets no higher than 55 degrees Fahrenheit and the average winter would go down to around -30 degrees…show more content…
There are herbivores, carnivores, birds, insects and even fish that live here. “Herbivorous mammals include lemmings, voles, caribou, arctic hares and squirrels. Carnivorous mammals include arctic foxes, wolves, and polar bears. Migratory birds include ravens, snow buntings, falcons, loons, ravens, sandpipers, terns, snow birds, and various species of gulls. Insects include mosquitoes, flies, moths, grasshoppers, blackflies and arctic bumble bees. Fish include cod, flatfish, salmon, and trout.” Gyrfalcon is a large bird of prey that lives in the Arctic tundra of North America. “The gyrfalcon is 21 to 24 inches long and has long, pointed wings and a long tail.” It is known to stay in the far north all year, and only travelling south when food is limited. Then there is the Tundra Swan and from the name you can see it’s also from the Tundra. Weighing about 18 pounds and grows about 1.4 meters, the tundra swan live in the tundra where they mate and lay eggs. The next animal, probably the most famous would be the caribou. Weighing between 132 to 700 pounds and growing between 4.5 to 8.5 feet, this huge animal makes its way in the Tundra feasting on lichens, herbs, fungi, leaves, and buds. “It is known to run faster and farther than any other deer.” This comes in handy when being chased by a predator. When it runs in the tundra no natural predator is capable of killing them except hunters and some wolves. Caribou’s are specially adapted for the cold all year due to its fat skin and rich milk to feed its young. Lastly, there is the red fox. The red fox weighs around 9 to 12 pounds, with a length of 18 to 36 inches and feasts on other animals. In the tundra, the adult male fox establishes a territory for him and his family where they make a burrow to thrive through the winter. In the winter, foxes mate and in the spring is when the females give birth. The red fox usually eats around a pound of

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