Tropical Cyclones In Myanmar

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Cyclones, a large body of water formed above the South Pacific or the Indian Ocean is a climatic hazard that frequently hits Burma, namely Myanmar. The three most recent cyclones that influenced Myanmar have been classified as category 4 in the SSHS (Saffir Simpson hurricane wind scale, a scale used to measure the severeness of tropical cyclones), and the scale is the second most powerful scale that results in trees uprooting as well as damages that takes time to renew (About Tropical Cyclones). Examples can be the ruination of buildings and the malfunctioning of power sources. These harms instantly destroy people's food and shelter, and it also swipes away the land itself making the catastrophe harder to be fixed in a short period of time.…show more content…
The decision of whether a country is an LEDC (Less Economically Developed Country) or an MEDC (More Economically Developed Country) is mainly determined by the per capita income, how much money the country makes in average. Per capita is also used to calculate HDI (Human Development Index) which is a calculation of 3 human development indicators; per capita income, average years of education and life expectancy. This shows how crucial money is in a development of a country. However, according to the UN Development Reports, Myanmar is ranked 32nd in the 50 most poorest countries in the world with a GNI (gross national income) of $4607.70. In addition, 75% of the people are currently living with an income less than $1 a day. In other words, they cannot afford enough money to build a proper and safe house. Furthermore, problems were not solved even after the catastrophe as Myanmar had a loss of 10 billion dollars which was 53.5% of their GNI and are still recovering from the aftermaths that cyclone Nargis has brought to the people such as the 75% of buildings that collapsed (Cyclone Nargis and Hurricane Katrina, Cyclone Nargis Case Study). These factors prove how it is almost impossible for the Myanmar government to construct architects that are strong and stable enough to fight against cyclones, nor are the citizens capable of buying houses that are safer as they themselves do not have enough to provide the basic needs to maintain life such as food and water. However, it is sometimes argued that the geographical features of Myanmar was a bigger element when Cyclone Nargis hit Myanmar due to the fact that the southern part of Myanmar was far below sea level, and that there were inwards that stretched to the center of the country. Although this argument is plausible, this argument

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