The Theory Of Reasoned Action: The Interpersonal Deception Theory

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The Theory of Reasoned Action: This theory is based off of the attitudes and intentions of a person. Therefore, if someone does a particular action it would be correct to assume that they did it because of their attitudes and intentions toward that action; the action would reflect how they feel. It also assumes that the person is a rational decision maker who uses the information given to them to come to a conclusion (Gass, 50). For example, if someone is at an Aerosmith concert, according to this theory, it is most likely that they are an Aerosmith fan. This seems basic, but there are other factors that are also included in this theory—one being the motivation for a person to comply. One may feel more motivation to follow through with an action…show more content…
This involves a combination of the liar strategically trying to appear honest and unintentional behaviors that the liar cannot control (Gass, 268). The liar does this by distancing themselves from information by manipulating the message or by censoring their actions to conceal the indication of deception. Liars may also try smiling or nodding to make themselves come across as being more believable. (Gass, 269). Along with strategic communication, there is also nonstrategic communication. This would include actions that are beyond the liar’s control like short responses, shakiness in the voice, shortness of breath, blinking, body movements, etc (Gass, 269). According to the Four-factor Model, there are four operations at work—arousal, behavior control, emotion, and thinking ( For example, if I were lying to Dr. Dan about why my assignment was late, my voice may be shaky from nervousness and I would probably experience a shortness of breath. This can also depend on a person’s belief system. I generally respect my professors and believe that it’s my responsibility to get my work done on time—and if it’s not punctual, it should be for a very good reason. Other people may feel like it’s not immoral to lie about it, therefore they may be more convincing and better at manipulating information and controlling their behavior. Liars themselves, are better at detecting other liars because they know the techniques and behavioral patterns

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