Tao Te Gilgamesh Literary Analysis

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Gods or the Way—the forces that dictate human action, fate and course in life cannot be altered by human action or power. Regardless of whether a “force” actually exists in the universe, Human’s within the universe do not have the knowledge or power to challenge the forces that dictate their lives. Particularly, in the Epic of Gilgamesh, a “human”, Gilgamesh, obtains the partial power of a god to overcome fate and transcend beyond normal human beings making him a “part-god”. While, a wild human, Enkidu, created by the gods for a specific purpose, met his inevitable human fate of death by the will of the same gods who created him. On a similar metaphysical perspective, the Tao Te Ching, written by Lao Tzu, explores humans’ awareness of their…show more content…
Both of these dynamic characters are juxtaposed to observe how the gods within Gilgamesh controls and plays with the fates and destinies of humans. The people relied on the power of the gods when they needed assistance and did not have the power to take action against the “power of the Wild Ox Gilgamesh” who was also “two-thirds god”, which emphasizes the incapability of normal humans to challenge with Gilgamesh. Thus, the “god of heaven listen to their complaint.” which clearly illustrates that the humans within the epic are lesser in power and strength to deal with godly or heavenly matters that require the aid from gods. Likewise, humans today, are clearly not gods or at least “part” of a god, thus humans cannot judge or change their own fate or destiny, unless they find a way to utilize some form of “gods” today. Furthermore, when the gods of Gilgamesh answer and help the people, the goddess Aruru created another being to “contend with [the] stormy heart” of Gilgamesh—Enkidu. He is characterized as a wild “human” being in comparison to Gilgamesh, which underlines a contrast between humans of the earth and gods of the heavens. Because Enkidu is a human being formed by the gods, he is under the control and power of these gods, therefore whatever the gods wished on Enkidu, was reflected within Enkidu’s life; the gods put it in their minds that “one of them”, Enkidu or Gilgamesh must die. The god Enlil stated, “Enkidu must die but Gilgamesh, the gifted, must not die”, which indirectly illustrates that the gods could control or exert their wrath upon the one who was fully human, which highlights the key difference between Enkidu and Gilgamesh—a human and a part-god respectively. Gilgamesh’s “gift” was the characteristic of being two-thirds god, which made him untouchable to the wrath of the gods, while Enkidu was

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