Stalwarts Vs. Civil Service

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Between the years 1876 and 1883, the political war between patronage and the Stalwarts vs. civil service and the reformers. After three presidencies of Rutherford Hayes, James Garfield, and Chester Arthur, this war had finally come to an end. After Arthur became president, in 1881, he began to support the reformers and their demands. Finally, after seven long years, Arthur permanently rid of patronage by urging Congress to pass the Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883. This basically stated that all government positions must be given according to a candidate’s results from taking a special exam. This act would be very important because it not only considered all federal positions to be civil services, but the effects this act had would be very

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