Similarities Between John Locke And Rousseau

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In 1649 civil war broke out in england over who would rule, the english parliament or king Charles I.With the ending of the civil war by the execution of king Charles I, an english philosopher Thomas Hobbes wrote a book entitled leviathan a defense of absolute power of kings. With the end of the civil war marked the end of the age of absolute kings and the start of a new age with fresh ideas of the world (The European Enlightenment). Enlightenment thinker wanted to improve human conditions on earth rather concerning themselves with religion and the afterlife. Thinkers of the european enlightenment valued science, religion tolerance, and natural rights life, liberty and property. Enlightenment philosophers John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau…show more content…
Is a question that has been asked throughout human history and in every civilization, and is something that is still questioned in modern times. Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau made their own attempts to answer the question, using their deductions of man's nature, they formed their theories that would later be used in governments all over the world.Hobbes believed that government should have absolute power with one ruler primarily a king. Locke on the other hand came to the conclusion that government should be absolute, but would rule with authority granted to it by individuals. Rousseau thought that all political power must reside with the people,exercising their general will. What Hoddes saw as man's nature pushed him to the idea that society must be ruled and governed by an absolute government. Without that absolute rule man would resort to his natural state of a war of all against all. Hobbes view of an absolute government can be defined as an absolute monarchy or absolutism of an monarchical form of government in which the monarch has absolute power among his or her people.An absolute monarch would weild unrestricted politcal power over soverign states and it’s people. This form of government would give all power to one person, which hobbes saw as being a king, and with have one man with absolute power would restran man’s nature of war. Known as a reluctant democrat locke had similar views to hobbes, believing that government should have absolute power like hobbes suggested, but would rule with authority granted to it by individuals. Locke favored a representative government such as the English Parliament, which had a hereditary House of Lords and an elected House of Commons. locke stated that the supreme authority of government should reside in the law making legislature, similar to England's parliament.The executive (prime minister) and courts would be creations of the legislature and under its authority.Unlike locke,

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