Pros And Cons Of Hobbes

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10.) After seeing that the State of Nature is unfit for survival and causes chaos, Hobbes wants to show that eventually, people will show some reason and will want order in society. From the fact that humans will want this order, certain laws of nature can be deduced to help a rational society occur. Hobbes breaks these down into 19 different laws of nature, each one being deduced from the one before it. The first law of nature is: “every man ought to endeavor peace, as far as he has hope of obtaining it; and when he cannot obtain it, that he may seek and use all helps and advantages of war” (pg. 261). Humans will work together in order to get out of the state of nature and into a peaceful environment. If a content life is achieved, people will be happy and more successful.…show more content…
When peace cannot be obtained, Hobbes states that we will go back to the state of nature and protect ourselves to the best of our ability. From the first law of nature comes the second, “ that a man be willing, when others are so too, as far forth as for peace and defense of himself he shall think it necessary, to lay down the right to all things; and be contented with so much liberty against other men as he would allow other men against himself” (pg. 261). Agreements may help us leave the state of nature and into a state of peace. Since men will want the state of peace, he will let go of some of his rights in order to achieve peace. People will only give up some of their rights if others agree to do so as well. The third law of nature has to do with justice. Hobbes states that the third law is “That men perform their covenants made” (pg. 266). Shortly after, he expands on this saying “So that the nature of justice consists in keeping of valid covenants”

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