Primary Visual Cortex (Or Area V1)

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The primary visual cortex, or area V1 (also known as striate cortex) is located in the calcarine fissure in the occipital lobe; it is connected to the eyes via the optic nerve. The primary visual cortex is responsible for processing visual information into an image that the person sees. It is highly specialized for processing information about moving and static object, as well as pattern recognition. The visual cortex contains a number of specialized regions that process such things as: color, spatial information, depth, texture, and motion. Unlike the small, concentric receptive fields of retinal and lateral geniculate nucleus cells, the receptive fields of primary visual cortex neurons are large, rather rectangular and come in three main

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