Neurodevelopmental Case Study Examples

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According to the neurodevelopmental case study, Mr. A, a twenty-five-year-old Caucasian adult, has a moderate intellectual disability. Using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), there are three criteria necessary to diagnose intellectual developmental disorder (p. 37). The American Psychiatric Association (2013) states that the specifiers include deficits to intellectual functions and adaptive functioning, as well as, recognition that the intellectual and adaptive deficits are onset during the developmental period of childhood or adolescence. The following analysis will reinforce the diagnosis, propose treatment options, and provide the prognosis of Mr. A. Although he met the majority of his developmental…show more content…
Likewise, he is incapable of tracking his own expenses and balancing his own checkbook because “…support is required for all use of academic skills in work and personal life” (p. 35). The American Psychiatric Association (2013) revealed “The practical domain involves learning and self-management across life settings, including personal care, job responsibilities, money management, recreation, self-management of behavior, and school and work task organization, among others” (p.37). Therefore, the structured help of a job coach is mandatory to accomplish the simple tasks assigned to him at the “big box” retailer where he worked. Sadly, when he became frustrated after receiving too many instructions and shouted at his supervisor plus threw merchandise on the floor, he exhibited his maladaptive behavior. A member of the security staff was assaulted when he made an effort to intervene during this episode. According to the case study, he has a history of becoming assaultive, destroying property, and verbally abusing others when he becomes frustrated. Recently, he attempted to break his mother’s arm when experiencing an angry…show more content…
A does not manifest the characteristics of AD/HD like “…wandering off task, lacking persistence, having difficulty sustaining focus, and being disorganized” or “...excessive motor activity…excessive fidgeting, tapping, or talkativeness” (American Psychiatric Association, 2013 p.61). Additionally, because his anger is frustration oriented and lacks “…four or more symptoms within the preceding 6 months,” Oppositional Defiant Disorder is not the diagnosis (American Psychiatric Association, 2013 p. 462-463). Correspondingly, Conduct Disorder is an unfeasible option. He has not deliberately destroyed another person’s property, deceitfully defrauded or stolen from individuals, or seriously violated rules (American Psychiatric Association, 2013 p. 470). Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is another unsuccessful diagnosis. Lack of social reciprocity, deficits in eye contact, restrictive repetitive behavior, hyper reactive to sounds, textures, smells, and light, or one-sided friendships are not demonstrated by Mr.

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