Transmission genetics- Transferring genetic information from parent to child or from generation to generation. Also deals with the location of genes on chromosomes and gene mapping. Ex: Analyzing the probability of someone having a specific trait
Molecular genetics- focus is on the gene, its structure, organization, function. Process by which genetic information is transferred and expressed. Ex: Examining the nucleotide sequences at the end of chromosomes.
Population genetics- studying generic variation in populations. Ex: Albinos in the Hopi culture
Agriculture- genetic principles applied to the domestication of plants and animals. Yields are increased, special nutritional qualities
Pharmaceutical- growth hormone, insulin, and clotting