Macroeconomic Literature Review

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This chapter involves the literature review for this study. This chapter is comprised by the explanation of the main macroeconomic determinants affecting the level of nonperforming loans. We make a literature review in this study because it is important to present what other economists have said to confirm the accuracy of this study. The economic literature consists of multiple studies that represent the relation between nonperforming loans and economic growth, interest rate and inflation rate. One of the authors who studied the relationship of NPL macroeconomic factors is (al, 2002) studied the delicacy of the banking system in Argentina through the years 1993-1996; He concluded that NPLs are affected by both bank specific factors and macroeconomic…show more content…
So when the GDP increase the level of NPL will decrease. According to researches (Sattar,A., chaudhry, A.H & Khalil,F., 2012) also examined the banking system of Pakistan by the perceptions of banker’s regarding the economic determinants causing NPLs in the Pakistan banking industry. They employed the correlation and regression model to examine and the concluded that Pakistan bankers presume that unemployment, interest rate, inflation and exchange rate have a significant positive relationship with the NPLs of Pakistani banking system while GDP growth has significant negative relationship. According to (K., 2014) author who employed a time series data multiple liner regression model also examined the crucial factors of NPLs with evidence from Pakistani banking system through the years 2000-2010. The study concluded that the GDP growth rate is one of most decisive determinants affecting NPLs in Pakistan. Also found that when the GDP growth rate increase the NPL will go down, so a negative relationship exists between…show more content…
The GDP referred to in this study is the real GDP, which is the macroeconomic measure of the value of economic output adjusted for price changes. Increasing real GDP is usually related with decreasing levels of NPLs. This happens because a strong positive growth in real GDP usually translates into more income which improves the debt servicing capacity of the borrower, which leads to lower NPLs and vice versa (Khemraj, 2009). Also the GDP variables is the most important factor that have effect on the level of NPL. From these authors and other scholars that we discussed above from the literature review a negative relationship is assumed to have between the NPL and

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