Lucknow pact is considered as a significant event in the political constitutional history of India. It is regarded a high water marked of Hindu Muslim unity. It was the first and last pact signed between Congress and Muslim league.
Why the Lucknow Pact of 1916 was made? When Bengal was partitioned in 1905, Hindus reacted against the decision and they went on violent protests and boycotts of British goods. On the other hand, the Muslims remained loyal to the British rule. The British could not sustain the pressure of demonstrations and reversed the decision of partition in 1911. This was a betrayal to the Muslims’ loyalty. They realized the British rulers could no longer be trusted. Now they had to devise a new strategy for achieving their…show more content… The principal leaders of the two political parties assembled at one place for the first time. The speeches made from the platform of the two groups were similar in tone and theme.Within a few months of the Bombay meetings, 19 Muslim and Hindu elected members of the Imperial Legislative Council addressed a memorandum to the Viceroy on the subject of reforms in October 1916. Their suggestions were discussed, amended and accepted at a subsequent meeting of the Congress and Muslim League leaders at Calcutta in November 1916.The agreement was confirmed by the annual sessions of the Congress and the League in their annual sessions held at Lucknow on December 29 and December 31, 1916 respectively. Sarojini Naidu gave Jinnah, the chief architect of the Lucknow Pact, the title of “the Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity”.So, for the first time in history, Muslim League and Indian National Congress worked together to present a set of demands to British which came to be known as the Lucknow…show more content… Mrs Sarojini Naido while paying his tribute to the Quaid declared him the
"AMBASSADOR OF HINDU MUSLIM UNITY".
HINDU MUSLIM UNITY, FIRST AND LAST TIME
Hindus tried to take revenge from Muslims in the Khilafat Movement generally and in Nehru Report specially according to a planned conspiracy while neglecting the written, agreement of Lucknow Pact in 1916.
Assessment of Lucknow Pact:
The Hindu Muslim Unity "The Lucknow Pact"1916 has the importance as a mile stone in the history of Sub-Continent. Because of the Hindu Muslim Unity. The British government also gave legal protection to the rights and interests of Muslims in the Act of India