Knee Arthroscopy Surgery Lab Report

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Knee Arthroscopy Surgery Introduction Knee Arthroscopy Surgery is a surgical procedure that allows the medical practitioners to get a clear view of the inside of a knee to facilitate diagnosis and treatment. It is performed by inserting a small high-resolution camera or cameras together with other surgical tools into a small incision made on the knee. Treatment can also be administered during the knee arthroscopy, for example, the surgeon can repair damaged cartilage and tissues, and also obtain tissue samples to diagnose infections. The cameras inserted through the incision transmit live images of the inside of the knee to monitors, where the surgeons see the details and parts that may be affected. The images can also be saved for later viewing…show more content…
The surgeon prepares the patient for the surgery by recommending the best practices to adopt prior to the procedure and also which ones to quit. Knee arthroscopy evaluates and seeks to treat the following types of injuries: infected knees, torn articular cartilage, torn floating cartilage (meniscus) due to overuse or the aging process, removal of broken pieces of bone and cartilage together with cysts, reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament, and knee-cap (patella-femora) disorders. These injuries can arise from various causes. For example, if the knee experiences any form of stress from a specific direction, tearing or stretching of the ligaments that hold the knee in place may occur. These kinds of injuries are referred to as sprains and are graded from first to third grade. Also, if the knee twists from any direction, the cartilage and meniscus may experience stress that can pinch or press them between the femoral condyle and the tibial surface. This can cause tears that result to pain in the knee requiring corrective surgery. Direct blows or chronic abuse of the knee can cause inflammation on the part known as the bursas of the knee. These acute injuries often make the injured knee unable to bear weight, bend and are also associated with localized pain in the knee…show more content…
This is a common form of arthritis that is often disabling since it wears away the cushiony cartilage of the knee. Existing arthritis may worsen due to rapid weight gain. This form of arthritis that is triggered or aggravated by weight gain is tricky to manage since one cannot lose weight by exercising. Other injuries like knee fractures result from direct blows to the knee bones. Kneecap fractures occur due to direct falls onto the knees which may crack the patella. The tibia plateau fracture can result from sudden compression injury especially if the person has osteoporosis. The knee joint can also dislocate following large-force injuries like vehicle accidents and extreme sporting activities. It can also arise from high impact forces on the knee that suddenly jerks the patella. Dislocation can cause severe damage to the knee bones and also to the blood vessels and nerves around the knee joint. The patella dislocation presents as a very painful injury although it is not life threatening. The shape of the knee may be distorted since the kneecap is not in

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