Isis Temple Case Study

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Abstract The Greek-Roman Isis temple is located on the west bank of Luxor; Upper Egypt was made of sandstone and decorated with different kinds of wall paintings. It suffers from many causes of deterioration and degradation mainly ground water, salt weathering, and different types of dirt accumulations on the relives and paint surface such as soot, grease, wax, biodeteriorated colored patches, bat patches, waste of birds and even house fly specks. All these lead to the gradual disappearance of paintings. In the present article we report a study on some Nanoparticles Materials synthesized by sol-gel process to set up a cleaning system to remove a wide range of different types of organic and inorganic materials from the surface of the wall paintings of the Isis temple. In order to verify the effectiveness of this method, different mural painting samples were collected from the temple for analytical characterization. The materials were characterized by optical microscopy, polarizing microscope, scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and FTIR. According to the results, a number of wall painting samples were selected with paint layers that were composed of different pigments and covered with different patches. The experimental tests indicated the efficacy of mixture of ZnO nanoparticles (NP) + Vulpex K5P3O10 (potassium methyl cyclohexyl) (1:1)…show more content…
Many emperors made additions to the temple over a period of 100 years. Today all that remains of the temple is its small main building and ruins of the propylon, along with its brick enclosure wall and the well. The temple precinct had an area of 74×51 meters; the temple itself is much smaller - 13×16m. Its entrance faces east. The outer walls don't have much decoration but on the inside the reliefs are well preserved and some have

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