Herodotus And Thucydides: Peloponnesian And Persian War

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Herodotus and Thucydides are the first Greek historians credited for documenting history. Not only are Herodotus and Thucydides credited for writing the first accounts of ancient Greek history, but they each shaped the future of historical writing in there own unique ways. The Peloponnesian and Persian wars were both important conflicts that focused on independence. Herodotus earned the designation “The Father of History” because of the way he went beyond just storytelling in explaining history. He has been anointed as the world’s first Western historian. Herodotus’s book The Histories, a record of his inquiries into the events of the conflict between the Persian Empire and Ancient Greeks; is the first true history. Herodotus’ purpose for…show more content…
For example Herodotus’s writings were not always reliable because he did not separate fact from fiction and would compose long speeches, which in majority never actually took place. An example of this is the speech he quoted that Xerxes made to the Persian nobles. Herodotus included cultures, stories, and legends of the numerous people who made up the Persian Empire in his writings. Herodotus used what he observed in his travels heavily in his writings, along with interviews of individual Persians, Greeks, and others. In his writings, Herodotus would present each side, give his opinion, and then allow the reader to make the decision for him or…show more content…
The first Persian War started because Persia was expanding its power and had taken over several Greeks cities. In 499 B.C., the Greek colonies along west coast of Asia Minor decided to revolt against Persia with the support of Athens. The Persian King Darius decided to crush the revolt. In retaliation towards Athens, King Darius orchestrated an enormous seaborne invasion of Greece in 490 B.C. Darius was ultimately defeated by the Athenians at the battle of Marathon. The cause of the second Persian War was when Darius’s son Xerxes decided to lead a second invasion of Greece. Herodotus used this quote to describe Xerxes intentions “I shall not give up until I conquer Athens and set it on fire, since it is they who began the offenses against me and my father…”. In 480 B.C., Xerxes invaded Greece with a massive army and navy. Xerxes finally defeated the Spartans only after a Greek betrayed the Spartans by showing the Persians a path through the mountains. However, the Persians were ultimately defeated by Athens navy; forcing Xerxes to return to

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