Henri Fayol Analysis

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A SHORT BIOGRAPHY OF HENRI FAYOL Henri Fayol was born in İstanbul in 1841. Fayol’s father was an engineer who is appointed as a supervisor fort he construction of Galata Bridge located in İstanbul. He and his family returned to France in 1847. Henri Fayol studied mining engineering at the ‘École Nationale Superieure des Mines’ academy in Saint-Étienne. At the age of 19 he started to his career as mine engineer. In 1888 he became a manager who employs over 1000 people. Henri Fayol was also one of the founders of the principles of modern management. His research work was in competition with that of another great theoretician namely Frederick Taylor. In 1916, he published his work experience in the book ‘Administration Industrielleet Generale’.…show more content…
Division of Work Employees have different abilities and fields. Different levels of expertise can be distinguished within the knowledge areas . According to Henri Fayol specialization promotes efficiency of the workforce and increases productivity. In addition, the specialization of the workforce increases their accuracy and pace. This principle can be adapted to both technical and managerial fields. 2. Authority and Responsibility In order to obtain standardization and create chain of command and make something done in an organization, management has the authority that enables the organization to act systematically. According to Henri Fayol, the accompanying power or authority gives the management the right to give orders to the subordinates and this power accompany responsibility too. In other words, authority and responsibility go together and they are two sides of the same coin. 3. Discipline This third principle of the 14 principles of management is about obedience. It is often a part of the core values of a mission and vision in the form of good conduct and respectful interactions. 4. Unity of…show more content…
There are two types of remuneration namely non-monetary and monetary. Ultimately, it is about rewarding the efforts that have been made. 8. The Degree of Centralization Management and authority for decision-making process must be properly balanced in an organization.. Centralization implies the concentration of decision making authority at the top management . Henri Fayol indicated that an organization should strive for a good balance in this. 9. Scalar Chain Hierarchy presents itself in any given organization. This varies from senior management to the lowest levels in the organization. Henri Fayol ’s “hierarchy” management principle states that there should be a clear line in the area of authority .This can be seen as a type of management structure. Each employee can contact a manager or a supervisor in an emergency situation without challenging the hierarchy. 10. Order According to this principle of the 14 principles of management, employees in an organization must have the right resources at their disposal so that they can function properly in an organization. In addition to social order (responsibility of the managers) the work environment must be safe, clean and tidy. 11.

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