Hawaii Volcanoes Research Paper

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Hawaii Volcanoes National Park is a park on the big island of Hawaii. It has five volcanoes; Kīlauea, Loihi, Mauna Loa, Haulalai, and Haleakala. These volcanoes are shield, hotspot volcanoes in the park on the big island of Hawaii. Before I go on let's begin with the definition of volcano from Mariam Webster dictionary. Volcano: a vent in the earth's crust through which lava, steam, ashes, etc., are expelled, either continuously or at irregular intervals. How Volcanoes Form Volcanoes form one of two ways. It is either formed by a hotspot or it is formed by tectonic plates. The volcanoes in the Hawaiian islands are hot spot volcanoes. Hot spot volcanoes form from magma in the earths's crust. Because the crust's plates move, the magma in the asthenosphere finds a weak spot in the middle of the plate. The magma then comes onto the ocean on top of the plate. As the magma comes up in the same place the plate moves so that a new volcano is formed…show more content…
One plate goes on top of another and releases lava and rock. Eruption Either way, hotspot or tectonic plate, the lava comes up and forms a magma chamber. When the gas, or air, in the chamber heats up from the hot 1300° to 2400° fahrenheit magma, the gas particles move faster. The gas pressures the magma up to the top where the lava spews out onto the surface. The magma now called lava then flows down the mountain. How Hawaii formed The volcanoes of Hawaii formed the the islands known today. A long time ago, the volcanoes came out of the ocean and erupted. The lava flowed down the mountain and hit the water. The lava cooled quickly and made a chunk of rock. The rest of the lava flowed on top of that, hit the water, cooled and then repeated until the entire island formed. Eventually if the lava keeps flowing the island chain will be

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