Fiscal Policy In Korea

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Fiscal policy is a policy used by the Government to adjust the government’s expenditure (spending levels) and adjust the tax rates of the country to monitor and the influence the economy of the country. The government does so by influencing the Aggregate Demand (AD) and the level of the economic activity. Aggregate Demand is the level of planned expenditure in an economy AD is given by, AD= (C+I+G+X-M) Purpose of Fiscal Policy • to help to stimulate the economic growth of a country during recession • to control the inflation • to stabilize the economic growth Types of Fiscal Policy Expansionary fiscal policy – It is the type of Fiscal Policy used in stimulating the economy during the times when the employment is high or during recession…show more content…
Contractionary Fiscal Policy- It is the opposite of the expansionary fiscal policy as it is used at the times when the inflation is growing too rapidly and is used to slow down the growth of the economy. Historical Fiscal policy of South Korea Before the 1997– 1998 crisis of Asia, fiscal policy was not the primary source of stabilizing the economy in Korea and so government debt or fiscal deficits were not the primary concerns of the country but after the 1997–1998 Asian crisis happened this trend changed, and government debt started to increase rapidly. Just like most other countries…show more content…
It is also an important factor in controlling the price inflation of the country. iii. All together these policies are primarily used to maintain a stable economic health of a country. South Korea’s fiscal policy and spending to curb 2008’s financial crisis: The financial crisis of 2008 had a profound effect on the economy of the country and resulted in a lot of problems that effected job growth, domestic consumption, investment as well as corporate profit. The most effected was the export business of South Korea which accounted nearly 45% of the total share of GDP. It was reduced to 40% in the fourth quarter of 2008 due to decrease in export resulted by the global contraction of demand for different goods. [3] The crisis also increased the import value because of the increase in raw material and energy prices. These situations cumulated into a country wide economic meltdown. The major drops down factor of decrease in export was the declining of the foreign reserves in their banks. South Korea had a decent foreign reserve, but the economic crisis resulted in tightening of international liquidity which reversed the capital flow which dried up the domestic and foreign reserves. In 2008, the FDI turned negative for the first time after 1996’s Asian financial crisis and this accounted for the outflow of capital from the country which reduced the supply of global currency which brought down the value of KRW to 50% of its previous

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