Explain Ways In Which Single Micronutrient Deﬁciencies
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1. The same population may be affected by multiple micronutrient deﬁciencies, although people at different life stages and certain socioeconomic or geographic groups may be more vulnerable to individual nutrient deﬁciencies. Discuss ways in which single-micronutrient deﬁciency prevention strategies might be combined, integrated, or coordinated to achieve cost-effective control.
There are numerous cases reported around the world where the same population is affected by multiple nutrient deficiencies. These nutrient deficiencies may be attributed to the high poverty levels common in the population of third world countries and middle income countries. These families are not able to afford a balanced diet given their high poverty level. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), (2007), more than 2 billion people on the planet suffer from chronic nutrition deficiencies especially vitamin A, iron, iodine and zinc. However, there are some micronutrient deficiency prevention strategies that can be used to remedy this problem. Expectant and lactating mothers are provided with mineral supplement and vitamin doses to eliminate chances of the young children suffering from nutrient deficiency. The costs to effectively carry this out may be too high hence the need to have a…show more content… Malnutrition has a number of complications such as retarded growth in children, obesity, blindness due to lack of vitamin A, poor brain development and even death (Caulfield, Richard, Rivera, Musgrove, and Black, 2005). The target groups are the marginalized poor households and the wealth-stratified household to research on their dietary behavior. A cohort study can be used to assess this for a certain set duration of time to come up with the findings which can be carried out by humanitarian organizations such as the United Nations or organizations such as