Explain The Five Periods Of Juvenile Justice

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What are the five periods of juvenile justice? The first period of juvenile justice is the Puritan Period which takes place between 1646 – 1824. The laws were brought over from England; the mode of juvenile control was the family, the church and the other social institutions expected to handle juvenile delinquents. At the end of the eighteenth century the Industrial Revolution started which in return child labor increased, industrialization, urbanization, and immigration increased; however it weakened family control. The second period of juvenile justice is the Refuge Period which took place between 1824 – 1899. The separate institutions for youths created houses of refuge, reform schools and foster homes; still housed delinquent children that were abused and neglected. There were child savers people who believed that children’s environments could make them bad, citizens tried to save children with poor home environments by placing them in houses such as refuge or reform schools were they were treated as a young person with problems. Organizations opened to provide recreation and counseling to youth, reducing possible delinquency. There were a number of first when it came to juvenile justice during this time. Firstly there was use of separate trials for juveniles, along with separate dockets and records established for the juveniles. This first probation system applicable to the juveniles instituted, segregation of children under 16 awaiting…show more content…
Public policy based on medical model which focused on individual diagnosis and treatment which tried to prevent delinquency. The first juvenile court system was established in Chicago 1899. Most criminal cases involving youth 16 or younger were removed from the criminal jurisdiction and were counted as not responsible for their actions. The use of probation increased mainly cause the focus was on the hope of

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