Explain Major Approaches To Development

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2.1 HISTORICAL APPROACHES TO DEVELOPMENT 2.1.1 What is Development? Development is a process that creates growth, progress, positive change or the addition of physical, economic, environmental, social and demographic components. The purpose of development is a rise in the level and quality of life of the population, and the creation or expansion of local regional income and employment opportunities, without damaging the resources of the environment. Development is visible and useful, not necessarily immediately, and includes an aspect of quality change and the creation of conditions for a continuation of that change. 2.1.2 Development approaches in developing countries Concerning the concept of development, the standard of living of the mass of the population in developing countries is singled out as the key issue in development. The development of income per capita over time and the factors, which have influence over economic development of stagnation are important topics. Nonetheless, the interplay between economic factors and…show more content…
In essence, this approach relates to service recipients in the same way as to team members participating on the playing field, who have the right to the fruits of the development. The main point of field work, according to this approach, is accomplished through reinforcing populations, in order to make them capable of requesting development and taking advantage of the assistance given to them, on the one hand, and through strengthening the various government bodies, on the other hand, in order to enable them to identify the needs of the population and satisfy those needs, which also seem like rights. In this way, an emphasis is placed on the obligation of the State to supply appropriate services and to strengthen the local population and transform it into being self –

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