Ethical Violation In The Tuskegee Study

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Nursing researchers have duty and obligations to uphold to ensure that the protection of their patients and human subjects are not violated by maintaining proper informed consent, discussing the risks and the benefits continuously as they are encountered to prevent harm, and to prevent harm (ANA, 2010). Seven ethical principles have been developed from the incorporation of the Nuremberg Code, the Helsinki Declaration and the Belmont Report. Due to issues with ethical misconduct it is important for research procedures to have the ongoing review process of the IRB (NCJJ, 2014). 1) One example of ethical violation for the protection of human subjects would be the Tuskegee study (1932-1972). During this study many ethical principles of beneficence,…show more content…
In this case children that are mentally disabled were cared for at a facility and were subjected to high rates of hepatitis and the physicians started to purposefully infect children that were already present in the facility with a control group to test for a possible vaccine (WHE, 2009). With new children coming in the physicians began to separate and essentially quarantine them. As a nurse in this situation the nurse should ensure that the parents remain present for informed consent and for the procedures because the children are not of sound state to give informed consent. Giving a live vaccine to someone of not sound mind in this sense does not really appreciate the respect of the person and a nurse could argue that risks versus benefits of the procedures in this case because the case was not tested on adults first. It appeared that the conditions when moving into the new building appeared to improve the rates of hepatitis based on rates of overcrowding as well. Nurses had a chance to report the unsanitary conditions that the individuals were succumbed to. 3) A third example of ethical violation would be the Nazi experiments on patients in the concentration camps during World War II. These scientists were completing scientific experiments on Jewish captives for what they believed was the benefit of science and medicine but were cruel, harmful and often resulted in death to the individuals that participated in the experiments (NCJJ, 2014). Nurses during this situation because of time of war may have been difficult on whom to report this to. But the nurses as a whole should have stood up for the humanity of the individuals and brought up to the

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