Essay On The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka

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Franz Kafka and Expressionism Expressionism is an influential movement during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Described by the Encarta Encyclopedia, expressionism is a movement that “strives to express subjective feelings and emotions rather than to depict reality or nature objectivity.” During this time, many authors depict their own personal lives through their literature as a form of expression, but their works stand out because of their unique characters and setting. In expressionist literature, “the characters and scenes are presented in a stylized, distorted manner with the intention of producing emotional shock” (Encarta). Through The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka uses the main character, Gregor Samsa, to reflect a distorted version…show more content…
Because Kafka did not want to take over his father’s business and wished to pursue a career of writing instead, his father saw him as a failure and became very abusive. Kafka expresses his situation through Gregor and the relationship he has with his father. Gregor’s transformation represents the time that Kafka told his father that he did not wish to take over his business, because that was the point when the abuse began. When Gregor turns into a “monstrous vermin” (Kafka 3), he is not able to work and support his family, which angers his father. When Gregor first exits his room as a giant bug, his father chased him with a newspaper and cane, making a hissing noise at him, then kicks him in the back as he reenters his room (Kafka 18-19). Gregor’s father sees him as a complete failure because of his inability to work after his metamorphosis, and is abusive because of his resentment. Franz Kafka was constantly pressured by his father to take over the family business and was physically and verbally abused by his father who took his anger out on his son because he disagreed with his aspiration to write. Kafka uses his character, Gregor Samsa, to mirror his personal life and the pain caused by his

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