Every year, according to the report made by WHO (2015), nearly 1.2 million people die worldwide on roads, and more than 50 million injured. While road crashes are common problem everywhere in the world, there is great disparity by income. Substantial decline in road crashes was seen in the developed nations since the 1960s and 1970s. Unfortunately, the reverse is true for middle and low income countries which bear a disproportionate burden of road traffic related deaths relative to the small level of motorization (20%) exist in these countries. According to the above report by WHO, 68 countries have seen a rise in the number of road traffic deaths since 2010, of which 84% are low- or middle-income countries and highest rates are still in the African Region.
The situation in Ethiopia is not different from the above scenario. Despite the growing burden of road traffic injuries, road safety has received insufficient attention in Ethiopia. With a least vehicle ownership Africa, the country stands as one of the worst countries with respect to road safety performance. An…show more content… As asserted by various reports (Elvik R et al, 2009; WHO, 2013,) that drink–driving increases the chance of a road traffic crash, as well as the likelihood that death or serious injury will result. More specifically, according to Killoran et al, 2010) drivers with a BAC of between 0.02 g/dl and 0.05 g/dl have at least a three times greater risk of dying in a vehicle crash. This risk increases to at least six times with a BAC between 0.05 g/dl and 0.08 g/dl, and rises exponentially above 0.08 g/dl. Moreover, the negative effect of drinking and driving has been also associated with other high-risky road using behaviors such as speeding or not using seat-belts as showen by Shults et al,