Essay On Gout

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Gout is an inflammatory form of arthritis that develop from excess build up of uric acid in the tissues and blood because of too much production and/or the inability of the kidneys to remove them. These needle-like uric acid crystals deposited in the joints which in turn leads to a sudden, severe episodes of pain, tenderness, swelling, redness, warmth and stiffness of joints. In addition, it may also lead to kidney stone formation, tophi deposits in skin and other tissues, or urate nephropathy. The most common affectation is the joint at the base of the big toe. It will also affect many other joints together with or without big toe involvement. Gout typically occurs in the middle age, usually over the age of 40. It is more common in men and…show more content…
Treatment is usually not required. 2. Acute Gout With existing hyperuricemia, a gout attack is triggered after a series of alcohol or drug intake, eating too much high-purine food such as liver, dried beans & peas. Pain and inflammation usually occurs at night and may last for a few days up to 10 days. 3. Interval Gout This stage shows no more symptoms, but gout is still there. This is the ideal time to manage gout to prevent future attacks. 4. Chronic Gout The uric acid remained at high level over a long time. Gout attack is more frequent and pain to last longer compared to earlier attacks. II. Causes: Uric acid are normally formed by our body and stays in our bloodstream in a dissolved form and end up being flushed out by the kidneys. Having too much uric acid in our blood (hyperuricemia) create a condition called gout. A high level of uric acid or the inability of our kidneys to remove them quickly, uric acid crystals begin to form and deposited in the joints. A longstanding hyperuricemia create tophi (tophus) formation. Tophi are large deposits of uric acid crystals, in the form of monosodium urate crystals, at the surface of joints, or in skin or cartilage. III. Risk

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