Devanagari Script In India

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India is a multilingual country. Indian constitution lists 22 languages, which have been referred to as scheduled languages. These officially acknowledged languages are Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogari, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithali, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu. In addition to these languages, hundreds of other languages are also used in India. Out of these officially recognized languages, the constitution of India recognized Hindi (हिन्दी) in Devanagari (देवनागरी) script as the official language of country. The word “Hindi” came from the Persian word “Hind” which means the “Land of the Indus River”. The river falls into Pakistan, after passing…show more content…
• Devanagari script is a logical composition of its constituent symbols (consonants, pure consonants, Vowels, Vowel modifiers and diacritics) in two dimensions. • Earlier, right to left writing methodology was used by almost all ancient scripts. Out of all ancient scripts only Arabic, Persian Hebrew, and Urdu kept this method of writing till date, but Brahmi, script had adopted the left to right writing technique. Therefore all the Indic scripts including Devanagari are using the same technique of writing. • The characters written in the Devanagari script appear to be hanging from a horizontal line written on the top of the characters. The horizontal line appearing at the top of words is a primary and vital feature of Devanagari script. This top positioned line is a later development, as in old manuscripts, this line was restricted to the character only. This line ties the individual characters into separate words. This top positioned horizontal line is commonly known as shirorekha (or headline)…show more content…
An alphasyllabary is defined as a writing system which is predominantly based on the consonants, and in which vowel symbols are mandatory yet secondary. Therefore in Devanagari each consonant is followed by an inherent vowel ‘a’ (अ). Therefore क properly represent, not k but ka. As a general rule this inherent vowel remains silent after last consonant. • In Devanagari each consonant has a corresponding pure consonant (in which the inherent vowel is absent). Similarly, each vowel has a corresponding modifier generally known as matra. • Like Roman script, Devanagari characters do not have separate letter cases i.e. upper and lower case character. • Devanagari characters can combine or can change shape depending upon their context. The resulting compound characters are commonly known as conjuncts. The appearance of the character can be affected by its ordering as compared to other characters or font used to render the character. The compound formation is used to denote the non-intervention between its elements of the inherent vowel ‘a’ (अ). • Unlike Roman script, no spelling arrangement is required in Devanagari. The concept of spelling has been eradicated in Devanagari as each sound had been properly examined and placed into its phonetic classification. Consonants and the vowels which have different functions have been assigned definite mode of

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