Despotism In Lord Of The Flies

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“Man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains,” Rousseau claims in his The Social Contract. These “chains,” as Rousseau later elaborates, are political institutions. In Golding’s Lord of the Flies, a group of British boys is stranded on an island and attempts to create order through political institutions. This utterly fails in the end and proves Golding’s belief that political institutions corrupt humans by taking away their morality. Democracy takes away morality due to its reliance on the majority for all decisions. Ralph, a natural leader, forms a democracy to make decisions with the group of boys stranded on the island. But after Ralph calls an emergency meeting to discuss the meeting he realizes the hopelessness of the situation. “The platform was full of arguing…To Ralph…this seemed the breaking up of sanity” (Golding, 88). This highlights the inherent problem associated with democracy, disagreement breaks down the decision process. But even when there is disagreement the majority is able to advance their views at the cost of others. Often this polarizes people in to two factions and when a decision is passed the other faction is silenced. This becomes the ultimate result of…show more content…
Jack is the embodiment of this and splits off from the main group to form his own tribe. Other boys join him and when Jack invades Ralph for fire Jack says, “If you want to join my tribe come and see us. Perhaps I’ll let you join” (140). The use of the first person pronoun demonstrates that Jack has assumed all power. When morality is vested in one person, the views of others are silenced. Jack gives orders and expects them to be followed and refuses to hear any dissent. The flaw in this system is that compared to democracy there are even fewer people influencing decisions. Only one voice exists and this allows for unlimited freedom that prevents any moral action as Jack

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