Bram Stoker's Dracul The Gothic Genre

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The gothic genre heavily influenced what today’s entertainment looks like. Many works written after the invention of the gothic genre shares the same story development and styles of description. It combines fiction, horror and romance. It’s origin dates back to 1764, with author Horace Walpole’s “The Castle of Otranto”. However, it only became widely known as it was later popularized by Mary Shelly’s “Frankenstein”, Matthew Lewis’s “The Monk” and Edgar Allan Poe’s works. Bram Stoker’s “Dracula” was written quite late, in 1897, compared to the earlier gothic novels. Therefore, Bram Stoker didn’t bring any new features or invent new elements to the gothic genre. He only made use of the century worth of gothic fiction before him and replicated…show more content…
The most common elements for gothic novels are: dark settings; mysterious atmospheres; supernatural occurrences; high emotions and often, a woman in distress.(Harris) The novel “Dracula” had a dark, impending grim settings as most of the action took place in a castle, in an insane asylum and near graveyards. It’s atmosphere was haunting because the overall descriptions of places in the novel was very focused on setting the right mood on the reader’s mind. Supernatural events would include the constant howling of wolves, Dracula himself and so on. High emotions, such as terror, love, anger all present. Even insanity can be put on this list as Renfield was mentally ill. The women in distress would be both Lucy and Mina as they both start transforming into vampires. Bram Stoker’s Dracula contains almost all the elements of a gothic novel which makes it a cliche piece of gothic writing.…show more content…
This is because one of the leading roles, Dracula, is a supernatural character. He holds immense power and he is nearly immortal. He can control animals “...he could control the wolves, as he did, by only holding up his hand for silence?”(41) transform to take shapes of animals and fog “He come on moonlight rays as elemental dust, as again Jonathan saw those sisters in the castle of Dracula.”(342), communicate telepathically ”he began promising me things, not in words but by doing them.”(400), resurrect chosen targets into an undead “Her open mouth showed the pale gums drawn back from the teeth, which looked positively longer and sharper”(219) and use super strength . These powers are nowhere near human capabilities and they play an important role in setting the spine-chilling tone of the novel. All the supernatural events like the abnormal amounts of howling of the wolves, the formation of dense and dangerous fog in mere seconds are tied to these powers of Dracula. Due to his overwhelming abilities, defeating him would seem almost impossible. When the protagonists finally came out on top, even though they were the underdogs, the readers would feel a slight sense of accomplishment in their minds. This further feeds the connection between the reader and the novel, enriching the plot as a whole. The novel used these powers as a plot device, simplifying the plot by adding another power to

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