Comparing the similarities of Bloomfield and skinner toward behavioristic view
Previous studies like (Matos & Passos, 2004, 2006; Passos & Matos, 1998) show that Leonard Bloomfield's conceptions of phoneme and analogy and skinners verbal behavior has some similarities. This paper examines the similarities of Bloomfield and skinners works.
Leonard Bloomfield (1887-1949) is one of the most prominent American linguists of the first half of the twentieth century he was a major influence in the shift of linguistics from comparative study of languages to the description of the structure of languages in the 20th century.
Bloomfield established the school of thought that has come to be known as American structural linguistics, which dominated the…show more content… 1-Bloomfield’s Conception of Meaning
Bloomfield does not believe on mentalist approach to meaning which means that meaning is a non-physical process and happens inside the speaker. Bloomfield believed that the meaning of the statement is related to the context and listener and speaker. The speaker in the presence of common features is trained to utter a speech form and the meaning of this utterance is the results of distinctive features. For Bloomfield stated that linguists work with , linguistic forms which are identified by meaning
B.F. Skinner is one of the important figures in American psychology. He is an experimental psychologist that developed behaviorism in position of learning.
Skinner focuses on observable behavior in the study of humans—so he uses the term “behaviorism.” He does not try to explore the internal process of learning Instead; Skinner uses the consequences of a behavior to explain why the behavior continues.
In brief Skinner believes that behavior that is followed by reinforcement can occur again Behavior followed by punishment has a decreased probability of